How To Solder Electronic Components ?



Soldering electronic components is a technique which requires practice as well as effort to master. There are a lot of instances where we require to solder some or the other component on our boards for big as well as small projects . In this post i’ll be discussing what all material do you need for soldering and what measures you should take while making a perfect connection on your boards . So let’s get started :

What is Soldering ? 

Soldering is a term in electronics that generally refers to development of  a metallic bond between various electronic components (IC’s , resistors etc. ) on general purpose boards to help the current flow through the complete circuit. It requires patience as well as a clean hand to get a perfect connection and a solder .

Soldering process

Material Required :

  1. General Purpose Board ( with holes )
  2. Wire stripper
  3. Solder wire
  4. A stand to hold your board ( can do without this as well )
  5. Soldering Iron with stand.
  6. A damp sponge .
  7. Electronic components for your Circuit
  8. Soldering Flux
  9. De-soldering Pump
Solder Iron Stand
Solder Iron Stand
Soldering Iron
Soldering Iron
Solder Wire
Solder Wire
Soldering Flux
Soldering Flux
General Purpose Board
General Purpose Board
Wire Cutter and Stripper
Wire Cutter and Stripper
Desoldering Pump
De-soldering Pump

That’ll be enough to get you a good solder done !

Lets move forward …..

Procedure :

  1. Choose a good place with less airflow and a table-chair near to a socket .
  2. Clean the tip of your solder iron using a damp sponge .
  3. Plug in your soldering iron and let it get heated for few minutes and place it in the solder stand .
  4. Apply the tip of the iron with a hint of solder wire material to ensure rapid heat flow .
  5. Get ready with your general purpose board and insert the components where You want them to solder . There are 2 sides to a board , the one is a bit shiny and the other side looks like a plastic material . Insert the components from this particular side and let the legs out from the other side . The soldering will be performed on the shiny side .
  6.  Once the components are ready to be soldered , hold the solder wire in one hand and the iron in the other . Slowly use the tip of the iron to melt down the solder wire (tin and copper composition wire ) to stick it to the base and the end where the component is inserted / wherever the connection  is to be established .
  7. Use a wire stripper to cut down the extra legs you see to observe everything neat and clean.
  8. If you see a bridge being formed and a lot of solder on the spot use the soldering flux to prevent oxidation .
  9. After the soldering has been done you’ll observe a very clean mountain shaped solder connection on that spot .
  10. If you don’t observe a good solder or if it seems a lot of solder at that spot , you can heat the spot using iron and remove the extra metal using a de-solder pump .
  11. Well done ! You have learnt it ! Practice it a bit more and get your hands dirty to master the skill .

Happy Soldering !

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