Soldering electronic components is a technique which requires practice as well as effort to master. There are a lot of instances where we require to solder some or the other component on our boards for big as well as small projects . In this post i’ll be discussing what all material do you need for soldering and what measures you should take while making a perfect connection on your boards . So let’s get started :
What is Soldering ?
Soldering is a term in electronics that generally refers to development of a metallic bond between various electronic components (IC’s , resistors etc. ) on general purpose boards to help the current flow through the complete circuit. It requires patience as well as a clean hand to get a perfect connection and a solder .
Material Required :
- General Purpose Board ( with holes )
- Wire stripper
- Solder wire
- A stand to hold your board ( can do without this as well )
- Soldering Iron with stand.
- A damp sponge .
- Electronic components for your Circuit
- Soldering Flux
- De-soldering Pump
That’ll be enough to get you a good solder done !
Lets move forward …..
- Choose a good place with less airflow and a table-chair near to a socket .
- Clean the tip of your solder iron using a damp sponge .
- Plug in your soldering iron and let it get heated for few minutes and place it in the solder stand .
- Apply the tip of the iron with a hint of solder wire material to ensure rapid heat flow .
- Get ready with your general purpose board and insert the components where You want them to solder . There are 2 sides to a board , the one is a bit shiny and the other side looks like a plastic material . Insert the components from this particular side and let the legs out from the other side . The soldering will be performed on the shiny side .
- Once the components are ready to be soldered , hold the solder wire in one hand and the iron in the other . Slowly use the tip of the iron to melt down the solder wire (tin and copper composition wire ) to stick it to the base and the end where the component is inserted / wherever the connection is to be established .
- Use a wire stripper to cut down the extra legs you see to observe everything neat and clean.
- If you see a bridge being formed and a lot of solder on the spot use the soldering flux to prevent oxidation .
- After the soldering has been done you’ll observe a very clean mountain shaped solder connection on that spot .
- If you don’t observe a good solder or if it seems a lot of solder at that spot , you can heat the spot using iron and remove the extra metal using a de-solder pump .
- Well done ! You have learnt it ! Practice it a bit more and get your hands dirty to master the skill .
Happy Soldering !
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